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Teller County is named after one of Colorado's first U.S. Senators, Henry Teller, and was formed on March 23, 1899 after a particularly brutal repression of a miners' strike by the El Paso County Sheriff's Department. The government was formed by the miners under the protection of the boomtown gold camp at Cripple Creek.

It would like to be noted that permanent settlement in Teller County occurred around 1870 and was at the summit of the Ute Trail in what is now Divide. As the tracks of the Colorado Midland Railroad neared Divide in 1887 boarding houses, saloons and restaurants sprang up to meet the demand of railroad workers. Woodland Park, originally called Manitou Park along the Midland Railroad tracks and was quickly discovered by tuberculosis patients looking for a place to recover. The town became a popular spot for pleasure seekers and train passengers when the new Harvey House was opened in 1890.

In 1890, a cowboy and part time prospector named Bob Womack discovered Gold in Cripple Creek. This discovery forever
changed the area which was to become Teller County. The gold mining operations required a great deal of outside support and several areas came to the rescue. Woodland Park had 5 saw mills producing millions of feet of lumber per year, much of which was timber for the mines. 200,000 railroad ties were shipped out annually. Divide was also an important lumber and supply town, but also became known for its high-quality, disease-free potatoes and for its fine crops of lettuce. Each fall, produce was crated and shipped to Cripple Creek and other locations around the United States. Ice to keep lettuce fresh while being transported was cut from ponds in and around the area.

By 1900 more than 50,000 people called "the district" home. "The district" refers to the entire gold mining area (approximately 3 square and includes Victor, Cripple Creek, Goldfield, and many towns which have disappeared. The value of the gold mined in Teller County is greater than all other gold mining operations ever conducted in the United States combined.




 



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